Physical Therapy – All You Need to Know

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Physical therapy is a form of rehabilitation that uses exercises and other treatments to improve movement and relieve pain. Physical therapy can be an extremely effective form of rehabilitation for those who have been injured or who are dealing with chronic pain. It can help improve strength, flexibility, and mobility while also relieving pain.

Physical therapists (PTs) work with patients of all ages, from newborns to the elderly. They use a variety of techniques, including exercises, massages, and electrical stimulation.


PTs first assess a patient’s condition and then develop a treatment plan. The plan may involve one or more of the following:

  • Exercises to improve strength, flexibility, and range of motion
  • Manual therapy relieves pain and promotes healing
  • Use of heat, cold, or electrical stimulation to reduce pain and swelling
  • Balance training to prevent falls
  • Instruction on proper posture and body mechanics
  • Ergonomic advice to help patients adjust their work or home environment

PTs also teach patients how to prevent further injuries. They may provide guidance on proper nutrition and exercise. They may also recommend using assistive devices, such as canes or walkers.

Most physical therapy is done on an outpatient basis. This means that patients come to the PT’s office for treatments and then go home afterward. Some PTs also work in hospitals, nursing homes, or rehabilitation centers.

Physical therapy can be an effective treatment for many conditions. It can help relieve pain, improve mobility, and prevent further injury. It can also help people regain strength and function after an injury or surgery.

If you are considering physical therapy, be sure to ask your doctor for a referral. Physical therapy is usually covered by health insurance. However, some insurance plans may require a co-pay or deductible. Check with your insurance provider to see if it is covered under your plan.